Federal Open Market Committee announces its tentative meeting schedule for 2022

The Labor Department also reported the consumer price index was up 3.2% year-over-year in July, below the 3.3% increase economists were expecting. Investors will be paying close attention to how high the FOMC now sees interest rates rising in 2023 and how low committee members believe rates could fall in 2024 once the Fed eventually pivots to crypto dot interest rate cuts. At its previous meeting in July, the FOMC raised rates by 25 bps, its eleventh rate hike since March 2022. Rates had been hovering near zero during the pandemic and then were raised by 0.25 percentage point starting in March 2022. It showed that overall prices in April eased from a 40-year high while remaining elevated.

The FOMC is a key part of the Federal Reserve System, which serves as the central bank of the United States. Among the Fed’s duties are managing the growth of the money supply, providing liquidity in times of crisis, and ensuring the integrity of the financial system. Twelve participants at the meeting penciled in the additional hike, while seven opposed it.

Labor Department reported the economy added 187,000 jobs in August, exceeding economist estimates of 170,000 jobs added. The U.S. economy has remained mostly solid despite the Federal Reserve’s aggressive tightening. Unfortunately, recent economic data is showing warning signs that higher interest rates may finally be starting to take a toll on the labor market. Another increase came in May 2022, this time by 0.50 percentage point, followed by 0.75 percentage point hikes for four consecutive meetings.

  • It also noted that job gains “have slowed in recent months but remain strong.” That contrasts with earlier language describing the employment picture as “robust.”
  • There’s a possibility the Fed could increase rates by 50 basis points, as it did after the last FOMC meeting, but a hike of 50 basis points seems unlikely, he says.
  • The Fed will also publish the minutes of its meeting, three weeks after each meeting has taken place.
  • The Labor Department releases its August CPI inflation reading on September 13 and the University of Michigan releases its preliminary September U.S. Consumer Sentiment Index reading on September 15.

The Fed ended 2022 with a 0.50 percentage point hike before approving three quarter-point increases so far this year. A long-time financial journalist, Dan is a veteran of SmartMoney, MarketWatch, CBS MoneyWatch, InvestorPlace and DailyFinance. As a senior writer at AOL’s DailyFinance, Dan reported market news from the floor of the New York Stock Exchange and hosted a weekly video segment on equities. It goes without saying that more rate hikes are the last thing everyone from investors to would-be home buyers wants to see. The most recent statements from Fed officials have generally discussed patience, risk management and data dependence in managing monetary policy with interest rates already at high levels.


That’s especially true given a downbeat GDP outlook for 2023 and beyond. For now, the Fed’s comments have overwhelmingly stressed the need to tame inflation, but if the jobs market weakens as inflation cools, then that emphasis could shift. European stocks were broadly higher, while stocks in Asia mostly fell. The 2-year yield, which is particularly sensitive to the near-term path for rates, rose, settling at 5.118%. There were a few changes in the post-meeting statement that reflected the adjustment in the economic outlook. Still, he reiterated that “a soft landing is a primary objective,” and “what we have been trying to achieve for all of this time.”

This has left it as a range of 5.25% to 5.50%, which is the highest level in 22 years. Higher gas prices caused headline inflation to pick up sharply in August, according to the most recent Consumer Price Index (CPI) report. Importantly, core inflation, which strips out volatile food and energy prices and is considered to be a better predictor of future prices, continued to moderate, although pockets of “stickiness” remain. And surely no one can forget that the fastest pace of rate hikes in four decades absolutely clobbered equity markets in 2022. The S&P 500 generated a total return (price change plus dividends) of -18% last year. “Although inflation has moved down from its peak — a welcome development — it remains too high,” Powell said in his highly anticipated Jackson Hole speech.

Recently confirmed Fed Governor Adriana Kugler was not a voter at the last meeting. The projection for the fed funds rate also moved higher for 2025, with the median outlook at 3.9%, compared with 3.4% previously. The main issue coloring the Fed’s upcoming decisions is that inflation may not be falling as fast as hoped. Inflation did decline in the second half of 2022, but January’s data suggests that the rate of decline could be slowing. Data for February will inform whether January’s economic news was more of a blip or the start of an unwelcome trend for inflation. The upcoming CPI inflation report for February on March 14 will be informative here.

The most recent Fed projections from June did signal a second interest rate increase was likely in late 2023. However, a lot of data has come in since June, and on September 20, those projections will be updated. It appears some policymakers may be less committed to another best forex trading platform 2023 hike if recent comments are any guide. As such the Fed may be on the same page as markets, with another 2023 rate hike possible but not certain, depending on incoming economic data. In return, it adds to their reserves, giving the bank more fed funds than it wants.

What are markets expecting from this FOMC meeting?

For now, the market’s take, according to the CME FedWatch Tool is the September and December meetings will almost certainly hold interest rates steady. As a result, many people have good reason to wonder about who makes these decisions about monetary policy and how they make them. In this article, we will walk you through what FOMC “FED” does and the Federal Reserve meeting dates. The Fed began raising rates from near zero last year to tame inflation, and in July brought them to to a range of 5.25% to 5.5%, a 22-year-year high. The jobs picture has been solid, with an unemployment rate of 3.8% just slightly higher than it was a year ago. Job openings have been coming down, helping the Fed mark progress against a supply-demand mismatch that at one point had seen two positions for every available worker.

The Federal Open Market Committee FOMC) meeting schedule 2022:

A big drop in the lead-up to an FOMC meeting, for example, indicates that the markets are expecting a higher-than-average rate increase. “The PCE index has been moving in the right direction overall, but core inflation remains stickier than expected, keeping the data dependent—and ‘agile’—Fed more likely to raise rates again this year,” Krosby says. The FOMC will also update its long-term U.S. economic growth projections, which include forecasts for GDP growth, unemployment rates, interest rates and inflation. Coverage that offers real-time actionable intelligence, analysis and insight on fixed income and foreign exchange markets in CEMEA, Asia and LatAm regions delivered in concise bullet point format. Actionable insight on monetary policy, balance sheet and inflation with focus on global issuance.

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“We are prepared to raise rates further if appropriate, and intend to hold policy at a restrictive level until we are confident that inflation is moving sustainably down toward our objective.” If there was any sort of surprise coming out of the central bank’s July confab, it was that Fed Chair Jerome Powell left the door open to further tightening in 2023 and beyond. And in case it wasn’t clear that Powell meant what he said at the conclusion of the July policy meeting, the Fed chief reiterated the central bank’s stance at its annual conference in Jackson Hole, Wyoming in late August. However, if upcoming economic data doesn’t provide reassurance that the Fed that inflation is coming back to its 2% goal, then the Fed may start to hint at another 2023 interest rate increase, probably in November. Or, maybe the final increase already happened in July if incoming economic data is more favorable.

After pausing that month, the Fed made the widely expected move of hiking again in July. The FOMC’s 11th rate increase in 12 meetings now has the fed funds rate sitting at 22-year high. Lastly, the economy has defied expectations for some time now, growing faster than expected with strong job growth despite rising rates. If that picture changes, then the Fed may become a little more cautious on raising rates as the downside risks for the economy increase. According to CME Group, markets are currently pricing in a 34.7% chance the Fed will issue at least one more quarter-point rate hike at its next meeting that concludes on November 1. However, investors and central bankers have roughly six weeks of economic data to monitor between now and then, and that could have a significant impact on monetary policy.

In addition to holding rates at relatively high levels, the Fed is continuing to reduce its bond holdings, a process that has cut the central bank balance sheet by some $815 billion since June 2022. The Fed is allowing up to $95 billion in proceeds from maturing bonds to roll off each month, rather than reinvesting them. Along with the rate projections, members also sharply revised up their economic growth expectations for this year, with gross domestic product now expected to increase 2.1% this year. That was more than double the June estimate and indicative that members do not anticipate a recession anytime soon. Over the longer term, FOMC members pointed to a funds rate of 2.9% in 2026. That’s above what the Fed considers the “neutral” rate of interest that is neither stimulative nor restrictive for growth.

Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System

Powell’s Jackson Hole speech also tended to throw cold water on the idea that rate hikes would be coming to an end anytime soon. The next Fed meeting is forecast to bring another pause in interest rate hikes. There have been growing signs that the central bank may yet achieve its soft landing of bringing down inflation without tipping the economy into a deep recession. However, the future remains far from certain, and Fed officials have expressed caution about declaring victory too soon. The Federal Reserve held interest rates steady in a decision released Wednesday, while also indicating it still expects one more hike before the end of the year and fewer cuts than previously indicated next year. The Federal Reserve has a tough job making sense of America’s economic data and predicting the future on a good day.

Powell appeared to give rate cuts a subtle thumbs-up at the last meeting. The Personal Consumption Expenditures index, the Fed’s Price action indicators preferred inflation gauge, rose 3.3% annually in July. The core PCE index gained 4.2% for the 12 months ended that same month.

Interest rate futures suggest that the Fed will set and hold short-term rates in a 4% to 5% band for much of 2023, though we could see rate cuts in 2023 if the economy weakens. The Federal Reserve has been attempting to bring down inflation by raising interest rates without tipping the U.S. economy into a recession. However, navigating a “soft landing” for the economy may prove difficult because higher interest rates increase borrowing costs for both companies and consumers, slowing economic activity. In June, 12 of the 18 FOMC members projected the upper end of the federal funds rate target range would reach at least 5.75% in 2023, but those expectations have likely changed in recent months.